January 6th 1853: Franklin Pierce’s train accident

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Franklin Pierce (1804 – 1869)

On this day in 1853, the President-elect of the United States Franklin Pierce and his family were involved in a train accident in Massachusetts. Pierce and his wife saw their young son Benjamin decapitated before their eyes and both subsequently sank into deep depression. Benjamin was the couple’s last surviving child, the rest had died young. Pierce’s depression over his son’s death and the distance it had created between him and his wife severely affected his performance as President. The 14th President is commonly regarded as one of the worst in US history, especially due to his failure to deal effectively with the slavery issue which would, in a few years, divide the nation in two during the Civil War.

 

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Benjamin and Jane Pierce

“How I long to see you and say something to you as if you were as you always have been (until these last three dreadful weeks) near me. Oh! How precious do those days now seem, my darling boy – and how I should have praised the days passed with you had I suspected they might be so short”
– extract from one of Jane Pierce’s letters to her late son

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One of the letters Jane wrote to her late son ‘Benny’ after his death

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